Imagine being able to sink into the ground and mix with it while escaping from the enemy, or change your appearance so that the texture of your skin feels like the ground beneath you.
In fact, many animals can do just that. Basically, these are survival tactics. In this article, we are going to examine 8 animals that are masters of changing appearance. From the decorative crab, which hides among the remnants of the sea, to the polar rabbit, which changes color seasonally, is on the list.
1- Giant tail lizard
An important issue for the giant tail lizard is survival. These lizards are not only masters of camouflage, but can easily make a human-like screaming sound out of their throats. While resting during the day on the forest floor of Madagascar, they lay the gray-green margins of their jaw edges on the ground, tree trunk, or leaf bed.
This makes them wider and bigger and more dangerous to the hunter. Also, increasing the body surface causes more light refraction to be hidden from the hunter. Their skin is spotted, and each of these lizards has a different appearance: Lizards with yellowish brown, green, gray, and brown colors can be found in nature. Giant leaf lizards lower their heads as far as possible when resting to increase their camouflage. Do not be afraid if you are shocked by a screaming sound while walking in nature. They open the mouth of their large colored kohlrabi and make a sound like a baby screaming in order to warn.
2- Paper leaf toad
Paper leaf toad or Rhaebo Haematiticus can be found in South America. But this is not easy because this species of toad can camouflage itself like a dry leaf falling to the ground. Paper leaf toad skin pattern is found along rivers and streams in wet forests. The skin pattern of this strange creature allows it to be easily confused with a bunch of dead leaves. This visual trick protects him from predators in the wild. In addition, the camouflage technique helps to easily feed on insects among the mass of dead leaves and the nutrients that cover the forest floor. Because paper leaf toads are found in forests, their habitat is threatened by livestock and industrial agriculture.
3- Twisting spiders
Spinning spiders are native to Australia and parts of the ocean whose concave abdomen allows them to curl up like a paste around a tree branch and escape the sight of hungry birds. Their vertebrae are elliptical in shape, allowing them to camouflage themselves by curving as they pass through their abdomen.
Twisting spiders look like leopard skins, which is why they are called leopard spiders. During the day, the spider wraps around the tree branch, hugs it tightly and does not disturb anyone. But as the sun sets, it quickly begins to build a web of nets to feed on the insects trapped in it. As the sun rises and the morning arrives, it destroys the warp so that it leaves no trace. He becomes a piece of the tree again during the day!
4- Pygmy seahorse
Pygmy seahorse is the smallest species of seahorse in the world that is only a few centimeters long from the tip of the nose to the tail. This species of seahorse lives in the coral triangle in Southeast Asia. The bumps on their bodies are calcareous warts that, as they grow, provide the conditions for a seahorse to adapt to coral polyps. Their extraordinary ability to camouflage seamlessly within the habitat of tropical coral reefs greatly reduces the risk of predation. If a pygmy seahorse moves into another coral reef, it changes color to mix with new corals.
5- Decorator crab
If you want to hide from predators, you have to do it properly. Decorative crabs, as their name suggests, adorn themselves with seaweed, corals and sponges to look like the environment and hide from predators. Their shells are covered with fine, sticky hairs. This property allows algae and other marine plants to easily adhere to their bodies. Some decorative crabs are also smarter.
They deliberately adorn themselves with poisonous seaweed and biting anemones that are not harmful to themselves to keep other animals away. Where is the best part of this decor? Decorative crabs, when taken out of their decorative shell for various purposes, are carefully arranged and used for the next time.
6. Arctic rabbit
If you are planning to hunt an Arctic rabbit, you need to look for it in the summer. Arctic rabbits, while very similar to any other rabbit in the summer months, wear bright white coats in the winter that look very much like snow, making it almost impossible to see them in the snow.
On the other hand, because their eyes are on the sides of their heads, they can see the space around them at a 360-degree angle. However, they do not need to move any muscles for such observations. Thus, they quickly run away when they see any threatening creatures. The strange features of the Arctic rabbit do not end there. They have thick black eyelashes that act like first-class sunglasses. With this feature, before you find an Arctic rabbit, they see you and go to their shelter.
Sometimes animals’ struggles for survival reach an evolutionary stage. One species of owl, whose feathers are as large as the leaves of the trees in their habitat, is one of the luckiest. They have limbs on their heads like large corners that are not really ears. In fact, these limbs are feathery branches, so that when necessary, the feathers are raised to help owls camouflage by acting like a horn.
The corners of the owls have a small hole next to their head. Owls can also change their appearance in a special way to hide, which is called concealment. They squat or look thin and tall to look like a tree branch. To be more natural, owls even mimic the movement of tree branches in the wind. Not only do they hide from predators but they also stay out of the sight of small birds for more comfort.
8. Sidewinder rattlesnake
A rattlesnake that lives in the desert sands of the United States and Mexico has a very simple motive for hiding, and that is to find food. This species of snake has a brown body that is very similar to desert sand.
The elliptical spots on their bodies evoke the shape of rocks and desert clods and help to better camouflage them. The snake shakes its rattle to sink into the sand. Prominent scales at the top of the eyes provide shade from the sun so that the eyes are not damaged while waiting for the victim. When small animals like rats approach rattlesnakes, they are struck, injected with venom, and swallowed after being killed. This is the whole mission of a rattlesnake in a hunt.