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Astronomers observe two unidentified red objects in the asteroid belt

مشاهده دو جرم ناشناس قرمز رنگ در کمربند سیارک‌ها توسط اخترشناسان

Astronomers have recently identified two unidentified red masses of red color in the solar system that bear a strong resemblance to objects in the outer space of the solar system. The two unidentified objects are named “203 Pompeii” and “269 Justitia”, which are likely to have traveled farther away from Neptune in the solar system and are evidence of stress in the solar system. Recent discoveries confirm complex conditions in a place where the solar system is still forming.

The results of this new research published in the Astrophysical Journal publishedShows details of the discovery of two very large, red objects in the asteroid belt. These two objects have redder spectral signs than the other main belt asteroids (a very dense belt of asteroids between Mars and Jupiter). This new article is published by scientists from the Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA).

Most importantly, these red asteroids are very similar to Franptonite objects. Franptoni objects are objects that are farther away from the planet Neptune (the farthest planet from the Sun) and have nothing to do with the dwarf planet Pluto. This means that 203 Pompeii and 269 Justitia were both formed outside the Kuiper Belt and then incorporated into the solar system during the period when the solar system was still young. If this hypothesis is confirmed, the new findings show how turbulent and critical the conditions of that period of solar system formation were, so that different compounds and materials from different parts of the solar system were sometimes mixed together.

The aim of this study was to document the composition and distribution of large asteroids in the main belt. Large asteroids, especially those more than 60 miles (100 km) in diameter, are probably remnants of the early days of the solar system. By studying these objects, scientists hope to have a glimpse of the conditions that governed the solar system 4 billion years ago.

To this end, astronomers performed near-infrared reference spectroscopy observations using telescopic equipment (IRTF) and the Seoul National University Astronomical Observatory (SAO) from the main belt. Scientists from MIT, the University of Hawaii, Seoul National University, Kyoto University and several other research institutes participated in this international collaboration.

The diameter of the asteroid 203 Pompeja is estimated at 68 miles (110 km), while the diameter of the asteroid 269 Justitia is estimated at half. However, both asteroids have an unusual red color spectrum, meaning they reflect a lot of red light. They are also redder than Type D asteroids, previously thought to be the reddest objects in the main belt of asteroids.

The outer space of the solar system is filled with objects left over from the formation of the solar system, which include asteroids (asteroids) and micro-planets or centaurs (icy asteroids that move between Jupiter and Neptune). These distant objects are very red and contain complex and organic compounds such as methane and methanol ice. When these great compounds are observed through a spectrograph, they give the asteroids a red appearance. In contrast, objects inside the solar system contain small amounts of organic matter, so they reflect blue light.

The asteroids 203 Pompeja and 269 Justitia are thought to have formed near the outer edge of the solar system and beyond the Organic Snow line, and then moved into the asteroid belt early in the solar system’s formation. The hypothesis, which was presented at the press conference of scientists from the Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA), also led scientists to refer to the Organic Snow line as a place in the solar system to convert methanol and methane to ice.

These findings suggest that some of the asteroids in the main belt may have formed in the outer part of the solar system, and that there may be a significant population of these objects in the main asteroid belt. The next step for scientists will be to estimate the exact population ratio of these red asteroids. In addition, new studies suggest that the main asteroid belt will be an attractive destination for future space missions, and instead of traveling to the outer edge of the solar system to sample objects in the Kuiper belt, all that needs to be done is send a probe to the main belt. Asteroids are places where both asteroids and objects inside the solar system as well as objects formed outside the solar system can be observed and studied.

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