An ancient continent has just been discovered that was home to strange animals 40 million years ago and may have helped Asian mammals reach southern Europe. The forgotten continent, called Balkanatolia, was between Europe, Asia and Africa 34 million years ago and formed a bridge between Asia and Europe as sea levels decreased at that time.
About 34 million years ago and late period EoceneWith the migration of Asian mammals, a large number of mammals in southern Europe disappeared and became extinct. Recent discoveries of fossils from 5 to 10 million years before the extinction suggest that a particular biological region may have opened the way for Asian mammals to migrate to southern Europe, increasing their population in the region.
To investigate this phenomenon, the French National Center for Scientific Research, in collaboration with other institutions, once again discovered the location of these fossils. Check out Which is located in the westernmost ridges of Asia and today is called Balkan Peninsula And Anatoly Is known.
With the new geological data, the team was able to better calculate the life of this area, and by reconstructing the animal and geographical changes of this area, it realized that Balkan Cathedral It has a complex history that has been periodically submerged and rediscovered. The study found that Balkanatolia was a route for animals to migrate from Asia to Western Europe.
Past the Balkans
About 50 million years ago, the Balkan Cathedral was an independent Algerian island separated from all of its neighboring continents, forming different animals from those found in Europe and Asia. Finally, as sea levels decline, Arctic ice expands and tectonic plates move in 34 to 40 million years agoThe Balkan continent was connected to Europe.
These changes caused mammals such as rodents and venomous animals to move to western Europe and occupy the Balkans. In addition, the team found new fossils in Turkey between 35 and 38 million years ago, which contained parts of the jawbone of animals such as Rhino Was.
This fossil is probably the oldest Asian poisonous fossil discovered in Anatolia, dating back to before the Great Eocene. The discovery of this fossil shows that Asian mammals migrated to Western Europe They were healthy. The new southern route to Europe through Central Asia, which was drier, colder, and deserter, was probably easier and more pleasant for mammals to migrate.
Archaeologists, however, need to continue their research and provide more credible evidence to better understand the changes Balkan Cathedral To gain. But the fossils the team has found so far provide a unique opportunity to study the area’s animal and plant evolution.