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How do daily workplace experiences affect employee productivity and creativity?

تجربیات روزانه در محل کار، چگونه روی بازدهی و خلاقیت کارمندان تاثیر می‌گذارند؟

In a study, three researchers at the University of Virginia Commonwealth came up with a five-part categorization of workplace days that affects employees’ creative performance and can lead to different work experiences.

According to the site فیز, “Another Day, Another Opportunity: Daily Experiences at Work and Their Impact on Creativity” in the journal Product Innovation Management by Alexander S. McKee, Assistant Professor of Management and Entrepreneurship, and Major Mohan, Associate Professor of Marketing, and Christopher S. Irina, Associate Professor of Management and Entrepreneurship publishedIdentify 5 types of daily work experience that can affect employees’ creative performance.

Researchers surveyed more than 11,000 surveys in which employees shared their daily workplace experiences. Participants in the study divided their workdays based on several key factors that promote or hinder creativity.

“We basically looked at how employees’ work environments and creativity change over time, and showed how people can experience five distinct daily experiences in the workplace that affect their creative potential,” says McKee. Everyday workplace experiences, for example described as “exciting” or “boring”, can play an important role in employee performance.

5 Division of working days

In their research, the researchers found that various factors ultimately lead to the formation of 5 unique daily experiences in the workplace, which are as follows:

  • Toxic daysThese days, motivators such as freedom and organizational support are rare but full of deterrents such as time pressure and conservative attitudes. Negative conflicts play a big role these days. The good news is that these days make up only 8% of all days.
  • Days of inactivity: Both stimulants and inhibitory elements are rarely found in them. Simply put, people are checked in these days, which make up about 10% of all days.
  • Normal days: As their letter suggests, the average level of stimulants and inhibitors is an important point these days. This can be expected to be the most common part of the day-to-day division among employees. 34% of all working hours are dedicated to these days.
  • Ideal days: Naturally, these days, a lot of motivating elements and issues that are a hindrance in the work process take up very little space. These days are exactly the opposite of toxic days, accounting for 30% of all workdays.
  • Critical days: These days were unique in terms of stimulus and inhibitory reasons. There was simply a combination of ideal and toxic days, with 19% of all days being attributed to these conditions. Constructive conflicts seem to play an important role these days; Where employees are constantly arguing and struggling to solve key work problems.

The impact of days on employees’ creative performance

But how do they relate to the creative performance of employees these days? People performed more creatively on ideal days than on other days; While the element of creativity was significantly reduced in toxic and inactive days. Most likely, the presence of creative stimuli by creating a positive environment in people will help them to be more creative.

“Understanding and managing these daily experiences in the workplace plays an important role in improving employees’ creative performance,” says Mohan. As many current organizations acknowledge, this is an area that is becoming increasingly important for companies in creating a competitive advantage.

Interestingly, people valued their creative performance on critical days – even as much as on ideal days – but their actual creative performance often did not match this picture. Quite simply, critical days may play a more unique role in helping projects move forward when teams encounter obstacles, but these findings suggest that how we think about our creative performance may need to be a little more precise.

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“Critical days are inevitable, and this is not a bad thing at all:” However, making sure we return to ideal days – not toxic or passive days – is a key element.

Why are people’s experiences on a particular day so important? The researchers found that people often have similar experiences from day to day. In other words, people can move slowly in a sea of ​​calm in a workplace where they feel an element of support, and take advantage of their creative ideas over long periods of time.

“Although people can experience different types of days at the same time, people often experience the same days in a row,” Reina believes.

This study demonstrates the highly complex, multifaceted and dynamic nature of the workplace. In practice, researchers say, managers need to be mindful of how their team work environment contributes to employees’ day-to-day experiences. Given that this is related to their creative performance, it is very important to study this issue and determine the ways in which a team can keep others away from toxic and passive days.

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