Migration of elites in the verse field of Iran; More critical than ever

مهاجرت نخبگان حوزه آی‌تی ایران؛ بحرانی پررنگ‌تر از همیشه

Google’s search for the term immigration has increased more than ever, and some countries around Iran even issue visas with notable names such as the Golden Visa for programmers and other businesses. Meanwhile, technology companies in Iran are losing their forces one by one, and for almost a week we have not seen the farewell post of a knowledgeable employee on social media and his departure from Iran. Some attribute this to issues such as the protection plan, and some attribute it to economic pressures on companies and their employees. Whatever the subject; It is a crisis that is not new, but these days it has become more prominent and has caused certain concerns and in some cases has formed a “disappointment”.

According to Ilya Vakili, Supervisor of Supra Arvan Company, the prevailing atmosphere of frustration in the society, along with the provision of job opportunities for IT professionals around the world, has led to an increase in the migration of IT professionals in the country. “Mohammad Mehdi Sadegh”, technical director of Tepsi, also hopes that with the help of the government and facilitating the conditions for startups, it will be possible to maintain human resources in the country and grow the country’s economy with them. They discussed the issue of migration and why it occurs and the solutions to it in a conversation with Digito.

Internal protection and external sanctions have cut off technology companies

Referring to the wave of migrations of IT professionals in 1988, 1996 and 1998, Ilya Vakili told Digiato: In order for the economy to flourish through the export of software and services, Iranian companies have lost the ability to compete with their foreign competitors. “These factors have made migration a serious option for IT professionals.”

Emphasizing that filtering and protection from within and sanctions from outside restrict Iranian IT companies, a lawyer says: “An Iranian company to provide a service that can be used in the world so that it can earn money commensurate with its services and “After that, to pay an Iranian expert, he has to go through a strange week that not every company can do.”

Governance can help deal with the brain drain crisis

“The government can take steps to maintain a skilled workforce in the country by creating fair working conditions, a reasonable and quality life, and without creating restrictions,” Abrar Arvan said in response to Digito about solutions to retain IT professionals in the country. Companies can also help keep skilled workers from migrating by creating a fair work environment and sharing people in the company’s financial interests. The traditional business climate in which a major employer made a living and there was cheap labor has disappeared, at least in the IT field. “The corona-skilled workforce can easily telecommute foreign companies from inside Iran and does not even have to emigrate for this purpose.”

According to lawyers, companies can also help address the shortage of manpower by attracting new people to the IT field. “Companies can empower people in small towns and disadvantaged areas who do not have access to the resources to learn and work,” he explains. Even in the past, many people who had left Iran to learn and acquire skills, returned to the country with more ability after a while. “It is important to find a suitable alternative for these people in this situation.”

“Our company, like any other company, has been involved in the migration of its forces, but I believe that the rate of migration of superpowers is not as high as the migration of forces in other companies,” said Ilya Vakili in response to a question from a Digito reporter. ; “However, the migration of manpower has affected Arvan’s work process, because some people who left Iran were influential people whose absence can not be denied.”

Return of brains to the country; Maybe in a better tomorrow

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But the phenomenon that some government officials have been referring to in recent years and months has been the return of brains to the country. Although this claim has been made many times by some officials, objective observations show that this issue is not so common and has almost not occurred in most industries. “Whenever there is a window of hope for people who wanted to work in Iran and for Iran and be with their families, they have returned to the country,” said a lawyer about the return of brains instead of the brains fleeing the country. “It is better to provide a good atmosphere and not go in the direction of isolating ourselves with restrictions from inside and outside.”

“I don’t think there is a need to stay in Iran,” said Abrarvan’s mentor in response to another Digiato question about why he should stay in Iran and improve the situation. It is a human right for a person to be able to choose where to live and live in a place that is more suitable for living, growing and working. Anyone may want to stay in Iran for a reason. Family ties, patriotism and interest in Iranian culture can be reasons for people to stay in Iran. In my opinion, there is a collective reason to stay in Iran, although it is not necessary. I think it is good to plant a seedling where we eat a fruit. I think this is the way to grow and imagine a better garden. “Besides, let’s not cut down new seedlings.”

Regarding the role of the new government in reducing brain drain, a lawyer says that the government should not just throw stones: “In recent years, our expectation has been that governments should just not throw stones and impose restrictions. “Governments can create the conditions for work in IT and other areas.”

Many restrictions on technical forces

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“Mohammad Mehdi Sadegh,” Tepsi’s technical director, also told Digiato about the concerns and concerns of IT experts in the field, saying that this issue has created a situation in the country where the fear of migration has become more than ever, and this issue can be viewed from two angles: ” On the one hand, some of the concerns and worries of the expert forces in the field of verse are in line with other young people in the country, such as inflation and increased pressure on living costs, lack of adequate facilities for personal growth and development, instability in business, low level of services Welfare, etc. But on the other hand, what can strengthen the decision to migrate in this group is the existence of many restrictions in the country’s IT industry, on the one hand, the discussion of sanctions that make access to many international services difficult and in some cases “It has made it impossible, and on the other hand, the enactment of laws and regulations restricts domestic and sovereign power.”

According to Sadegh, issues such as the lack of technical infrastructure suitable for large-scale online businesses, the reluctance of the private sector to invest in startups and the sending of capital to quick-return markets are other issues that the specialized forces working in this ecosystem “In the area of ​​restrictions and governance laws, the introduction of plans such as the ‘Safeguards Plan’, which, if implemented, will cause concern, frustration and frustration for many IT industry professionals and professionals.”

“This is not a major threat, but should be sought in the context of the country’s online business environment:” “And if jobs are determined to grow, develop and remove obstacles, these threats will not be a cause for concern.”

Asked what could be done to keep professionals and elites in the country, he told Digiato that the responsibility and share of the government and governing bodies was definitely greater: “The two main problems that are currently facing business. “There is work, especially for startups, complex oversight and funding rules.” Sadegh believes that there is a serious need in the country for the facilitation of oversight laws by the government: “Unfortunately, with the introduction of the ‘protection’ plan, this could turn into a serious crisis.”

Sadegh refers to the issue of financing for startup companies and considers it very vital because he believes that only this issue can lead to serious growth and development of companies: We face stoning and non-response. This is a test case all over the world, which, if realized, would bring many benefits not only to Tepsi but to the entire ecosystem, paving the way for other startups to enter the capital market. “I think it will provide a double incentive for all the kids in the Iranian startup ecosystem.”

According to Sadegh Tepsi, like other startups, it is involved in the migration of its specialized forces: “There are many specialized and elite people in our collection who have graduated from the best universities in the country, and tens of them have Olympic medals. “Obviously, every company anywhere in the world is looking for such specialized and efficient human capital.” Sadegh emphasizes that this has not yet become a serious crisis or threat for them: “I think one of the most important reasons for this is the impact on society by doing meaningful things that, in addition to creating value for Tepsi, lead to “It has made life easier for the people of the country and for hundreds of thousands of people.”

What should the government do to help?

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According to Sadegh, Iran is not currently in a position to bring elite Iranians abroad back to the country and domestic industries; However, according to him, this has happened to some extent in some companies such as Tepsi: “We have this experience in Tepsi and in addition to the founders of the company, we have colleagues who have returned to Iran after working and studying in developed countries and gaining experience. “And they are working in Tepsi. Of course, from this point of view, we may be in the minority, but this shows the high potential of Iranian startups.”

Sadegh in response to another question from Digito about why do you think it is necessary to stay in Iran and improve the situation and the question of what the new government can do to improve the situation? “Iran is one of the world’s leading countries in terms of human capital, especially in the field of IT, and has great potential in this regard.” This could be an opportunity for the 13th government to take a supportive approach, develop infrastructure and Remove barriers to use the very high potential of innovative companies. “As I mentioned earlier, one of the vital and very important issues for startups is attracting capital, which is the way to enter the stock market, and in the meantime, the new government can play an important role and accelerate and facilitate this process.”

According to Sadegh, during the recession and difficult economic conditions after the Corona Pandemic, many countries were able to prevent serious crises by relying on the high capacity of their startup companies, and in many cases these companies came to the aid of their governments and countries. “Our young specialists should also be provided and we should see the migration wave subside.”

Both Vakili and Sadegh hope that the wave of elite emigration from the country will decrease; This belief is present among most managers of the country’s startup ecosystem, although some of these managers themselves have migrated in recent months. What do you think and how much do you believe in this new hope?

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