NASA’s “Perseverance” rover successfully landed on Mars after a seven-month journey and sent the first images of the planet to Earth.
The Perseverance spacecraft entered the Martian atmosphere at 33:79 km / h on Friday at 18:18 Tehran time and began a challenging landing maneuver that experts refer to as the “Terrifying 7 Minutes.” Due to the 11-minute delay in transmitting the message between Earth and Mars, the probe had to perform this maneuver completely automatically and according to predetermined instructions.
After slowing down and landing with the help of a parachute at a height of 20 meters, the sky crane system was activated to land smoothly. Finally, at 00:25 in the morning, NASA’s $ 2.7 billion rover safely on the surface of Mars landed. Immediately after landing, the spacecraft sent an image from Mars to Earth, which, of course, is not of high quality due to recording by side cameras.
The landing site of Poshtakar is about 2 km from a 50 km radius called “Jazro”, which is thought to have been the site of a large lake before. The reason for choosing this place as an exploration place is that there are more signs of life in the place that used to be a lake, than other parts of the Red Planet.
The probe will spend the next few years digging, analyzing and collecting samples of Martian soil that will be brought to Earth in future missions. The astronaut is also scheduled to fly a helicopter called Ingenuity, which aims to study the flight conditions in the dilute atmosphere of Mars.
Perseverance in carrying out its mission with various instruments such as ordinary and ultraviolet cameras, SuperCam camera to detect the nature of rocks and soils in remote areas, RIMFAX radar to detect water and ice at a depth of ten meters, a set of accurate sensors to measure temperature, pressure, humidity , Wind speed and direction, MOXIE is equipped to convert the Martian atmosphere to oxygen and carbon monoxide and to store rock and soil samples that will be transported to Earth in 2026 during another mission.