NASA plans to send a polar vapor or VIPER probe to the moon by the end of 2022. This climber in the Antarctic Will land To be able to take a closer look at the ice in this area for the first time.
The Volatile Investigating Polar Exploration will actually carry four scientific instruments, including a one-meter drill, and collect different samples from the area. Viper collects data for up to 100 days to map the moon’s water resources.
One of the most basic necessities of life on the moon is water. About ten years ago, when water and ice were discovered on the moon, the main question for scientists was whether the amount of water on the planet could allow them to survive anywhere other than Earth. This astronaut can help scientists answer this and many other basic questions.
Scientists have long considered the moon’s poles to be good sources of water and ice, and can be used to extract oxygen for astronauts to breathe and the oxygen and hydrogen needed by rocket fuel.
Due to the slight orbital deviation of the moon, sunlight never penetrates into the moon’s polar pits, and there is constant darkness in these areas, so the water and ice in these pits never melt or evaporate. NASA has done research in these areas in the past and found that the moon has large water reserves that can hold up to millions of tons of water. The astronaut collects water and ice samples from different dark and light areas of the moon so that scientists can determine the different effects of temperature and sunlight in these areas.