President Nasr said in the economic diplomacy webinar: We have weak laws in the field of technology

رئیس نصر کشور در وبینار دیپلماسی اقتصادی مطرح کرد: دچار ضعف قوانین در حوزه فناوری هستیم

The head of Nasr Keshvar Organization in the economic diplomacy webinar, stating that the country’s legislation in relation to trade and education is severely weak, criticized the stagnation of laws and also the silence of the Central Bank in drafting laws in the field of Ramzarz.

The fourth pre-meeting webinar of Iran’s economic diplomacy in the field of technology and technological products was held on Wednesday morning, November 10, in the presence of the head of the country’s trade union organization, the head of the Fars Chamber of Commerce, the head of the Iran-Italy Chamber of Commerce and the secretary of the Iranian National Market Technology Network. Webinar Challenges and issues in the field of technology trade were analyzed from the perspective of the private sector.

“We need a new space for the development of the technology and innovation sector in the country,” said Seyed Hassan Hashemi at the webinar. It is interesting to note that in 1997, a law was enacted that the central bank had to regulate. “At the same time, cryptocurrencies are everywhere and do not allow development in the face of conflicts of interest between different sectors.”

Lack of a trustee in the field of trade diplomacy

The head of the country’s computer trade union organization pointed out that in order to develop the technology trade, we must advance this process in the field of economic diplomacy by relying on the three aspects of creating access to foreign markets, inviting foreign investment and providing appropriate domestic conditions and infrastructure. He described the country’s economy as very important.

“By 2025, 30 percent of the global economy will be based on the digital economy,” Hashemi said, referring to global statistics. “In our country, the share of the digital economy in GDP was 2.6 percent in 1992, which reached 6.8 percent in 1999, and this number is expected to reach 10 percent soon.”

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“We are a long way from global statistics,” he said, noting that the growth rate seems generally appropriate. Currently, there are 7,000 knowledge-based companies with an annual income of about 300 billion tomans in the country. “This is despite all the problems we have faced in recent years due to sanctions.”

“Before Corona, we saw a negative growth of 4 and 8 tenths,” Hashemi said, referring to $ 700 million in export earnings in 1999. “This year, despite all the problems caused by the corona, this number grew by 1 and 7 tenths of a percent.”

“IT statistics show that investment in this area is very good and significant,” he said. Anyway, for the last 42 years we have been under sanctions in the IT industry. Despite all these sanctions and the problems that exist, this area has finally grown well and the main problem of the IT industry right now is internal sanctions and related problems. . »

Neighborhood development despite the invasion of Iran

“Despite all the problems we are experiencing in Iran, we are seeing countries like India and Pakistan that have developed very well in the IT industry,” Hashemi added. All this is due to the observance of the three sides of economic diplomacy, which we basically have no guardian in this area. “Everyone acts as an island and we do not have a single trustee.”

“We not only do not use this capacity, but we are still witnessing the sale of raw materials,” he said, noting that 6 million Iranians live abroad and that if they use their capacity, they can communicate effectively with developed countries. “The country’s elites are already planning to leave the country, and even ordinary people will emigrate as soon as they gain a profession and expertise.”

According to the head of the Nasr Organization, if we can not attract foreign investors and invest in the development of various economic sectors, including technology trade, we will not see any progress.

The importance of setting up virtual free zones

“We are setting up virtual free zones,” he said, referring to the idea of ​​setting up virtual free zones being worked on in Nasr. After World War II, we saw countries set up free trade zones to properly manage trade and communication between countries. “It was a very valuable experience and it still has good results.”

Emphasizing that we now need such an environment for the development of the country’s technology and innovation sector, Hashemi said, “This is in a situation where, despite this serious need, we still see weakness and, of course, conflict of laws. It is interesting to note that in 1997, a law was enacted that the central bank had to regulate. “At the same time, cryptocurrencies are everywhere and do not allow development in the face of conflicts of interest between different sectors.”

“Today, there is no program in the customs to export the software,” he added. At the same time, they sell multi-traditional applications all over the world. We have no law in this area. This greenhouse need and the need to update the rules are seriously evident. Drawer rules are not in line with development either. “Laws need to be updated on the spot and allow for progress.”

The head of the Nasr Organization also continued: “The IT industry is an opportunity and we must seize it. Nowadays, many startups or even the public sector are just moving on to old ideas. We have to produce new products that benefit our country and the world. “Reproducing the products that have taken over the market is no longer useful.”

“We have to build infrastructure,” he concluded. “Before we lose specialists in the country.”

A way to connect technology and economics

The head of the Fars Chamber of Commerce, stating that using science and technology can create a two-way relationship between economic diplomacy and science and technology, called the development of knowledge-based businesses a way to improve this situation.

“In this way, by reducing the problems, economic stability can be established and a good perspective can be advanced through the development of knowledge-based businesses,” said Jamal Razeqi, noting that an inevitable necessity can be achieved through economic diplomacy.

“The presence of technology advisers is shaped by political relations,” he said, stressing the need for economic advisers. In such a situation, the political context must first be formed. If political diplomacy develops, especially in the field of technology, we will see the realization of favorable conditions for technology trade. This makes the transfer of capital well done. “Therefore, more attention should be paid to it.”

Strive to achieve great goals

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The head of the Iran-Italy Joint Grand Chamber also continued the webinar, referring to the history of Iran from the perspective of science and the development of science and technology: “Iran was once a leader in various scientific fields. We used to be in the fields of medicine, astronomy and astronomy. We were silent for a long time and we became consumers. We survived the Industrial Revolution and eventually became consumers. “With the arrival of oil revenues, we also reached the revolution, and now, after a very long time, we are now moving towards growth.”

“In 1992, we had only two knowledge-based companies operating in the field of stem cells,” said Ahmad Pourfallah. This is while during Sattarifar’s administration, we witnessed an acceptable scientific and technological development. “At present, we are expected to move forward with 32 science and technology houses with one billion euros and exports.”

“I think the involvement of the private sector and infrastructure in this area should be given more attention,” he said, referring to the importance of the relationship between the private sector and upstream institutions. We must also interact with the developed countries of the world. No matter how strong we are internally, we certainly can not achieve results without communication. “The budget issue should also be considered.”

The importance of attracting foreign capital for development

“In the continuation of this interaction, we must attract foreign capital,” said the head of the Iran-Italy Joint Chamber, stressing that nothing can be done without a budget. Vaccine experience has proven that eventually rebuilding the wheel does not work. We have always insisted that let politics advance the economy as well; However, no attention has been paid to this issue. “Economic influence is important now.”

Emphasizing the importance of universities’ cooperation with the private sector and government institutions to promote the technology trade, he said: “Tehran, Amirkabir and Sharif universities have taken effective steps in this direction. “We should not overlook the simple fact that all these efforts are based on being able to solve poverty and the economic crisis through economic diplomacy.”

According to him, economic advisers and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are very effective in this process, and every effort should be made to use this capacity.

Strive for a balance between technology supply and demand

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In another part of this webinar, the secretary of Iran Technology Market Network stated that we have paid a lot of attention to scientific issues in the field of technology in the country and explained these activities and said: “Park, 200 growth centers, more than 60,000 articles published from Iran. We have had nearly 7,000 knowledge-based companies.”

“Despite all these statistics, what have we done for trade in this field?” Saleh Khaleqi continued. We have to say that this comparison shows us a fundamentally strange result. “The export corridor and several exhibitions and the national technology market of Iran are the only sectors related to the country’s technology trade.”

“It is interesting to know that we have more demand for technology than technology,” he said, adding that the technology market network pursues business development. Investors themselves want technology. “We must have a mechanism to bring this supply and demand to a consensus.”

Explaining that the custodian in the market technology is a governing body, Khaleqi explained its structure: “The government custodian, an executive agent and the market technology council manage the process of advancing the operations of startups in a triple cooperation. “The most important part is the technology brokers.”

Explaining technology brokers, he said: “Brokers have the task of marketing technology and meeting needs. Brokers work very cheaply. Cooperation with the brokerage network is very low risk and is open based on the innovation model. “On the other hand, the important thing is that everyone is in sync with each other and everyone knows each other.”

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