Meteors are remnants of various celestial bodies such as comets and asteroids that manage to pass through the Earth’s atmosphere and hit our planet’s soil. These objects are called meteors when they move in space.
Estimates show that about 100 tons of meteors hit the Earth’s atmosphere daily; But only about 500 tons of meteorites reach the earth annually, and of these 500 tons, only about 5 or 6 tons can be definitively recovered because in most cases, meteorites that reach the earth are very small pieces that are in remote places such as deep seas and areas. Deserted deserts fall.
However, throughout Earth’s history, giant meteorites have reached the surface of our planet, the largest of which we will identify in this report. This classification is based on the catalog of meteorites at the Copenhagen Geological Museum, the catalog of meteorites at the American Museum of Natural History, and articles such as “Messengers from space” and “Minerals from Earth and Sky: History of Meteors.”
Before introducing the largest meteorites on Earth, it is important to note that most celestial bodies that reach Earth contain amounts of iron in the form of iron and nickel alloys and are therefore classified into three groups based on their percentage of iron: 98% metallic metallic rocks. , Metal-rocky meteorites containing 50% rock and 50% metal, and rocky meteorites containing thin streaks of metal.
A picture of the meteorite Huba
Meteorite Huba (Hoba)
Huba weighs 60 tons, is 2.7 meters long, 2.7 meters wide and one meter in diameter. It is the largest metal meteorite ever discovered on Earth and is currently being held at the same point where it hit Earth in Namibia.
Huba, which appears to have passed about 80,000 years before the Earth’s atmosphere, was discovered by a native farmer in 1920 and has been a national heritage site since 1955.
Scientists still do not know why, despite Huba’s large size, the meteorite did not create a hole after hitting Earth. According to many scientists, the shape of this celestial body and atmospheric compositions have caused the rate of fall of this rock to be significantly reduced and after reaching the ground, it did not create a collision hole.
شهابسنگ الچاکو (El Chaco)
Al-Chako is one of the many iron meteorites that belongs to the collection of meteorites in the area called “Sky Farm”. Meteorite rocks in the sky are related to meteor showers that occurred between 4,000 and 5,000 years ago in northeastern Argentina in the province of El Chaco.
The El Chaco rock, weighing about 37 tons, is also the second largest piece of large meteorite ever discovered on Earth, in addition to being the most important piece of the “Sky Farm” group.
In 2012, attempts were made to transport the meteorite to Germany, which were met with strong protests by Argentine citizens and scientists, and eventually remained in the sky, along with other fragments, at the point of impact.
York Cape Meteorite: Tent or Anigito (Ahnighito)
The Anigito or Tent meteorite, which weighed about 31 tons about 10,000 years ago and landed on Cape York in northwestern Greenland, is the third largest meteorite ever discovered on Earth, the largest man-made meteorite ever discovered. Has been moved.
This large piece of iron was made in 1897 by the American explorer and explorer Robert E. The fairy was transported to the United States aboard the Hope and is currently housed in the New York Museum of Natural History. During one of her exploratory trips to the North Pole, Perry learned of the presence of three meteorites there through the Inuit (Greenland Eskimo) Indigenous population.
According to the indigenous tradition, the three meteors were nothing but an Inuit woman, her dog and her tent, driven to the ground by the command of the spirited and divisive spirit of the sky called the “Tornarsuk”. For at least a thousand years, the Inuit used these meteorites to make knives and other sharp objects.
In time, Perry managed to find the three meteorites, and while the “woman” had lost much of her mass due to indigenous use, the “tent” remained intact. The Inuit called this large meteorite “Savixua” (Great Iron), but the fairy “Anigito” chose her daughter’s second name for it.
Because the Inuit were able to trade iron to make their tools at the time, Perry thought he could take the meteorite with him to New York and sell it to the museum to fund his future explorations. So, from 1896, he tried to move them, and after two attempts, he finally succeeded.
A picture of Armanti
Armand meteorite (Armanty)
This iron meteorite, with about 28 tons, is the fourth largest meteorite ever discovered on Earth, was discovered in 1898 in the Autonomous Republic of Xinjiang in eastern China, and although known in Chinese sources as the Xinjiang meteorite; It is known as the Armandi meteorite in Russian reports and in the British Museum catalog. Armanti is 2.24 meters long, 1.85 meters wide and 1.37 meters high.
Bakobirito meteorite (Bacubirito)
The 24-tonne meteorite, currently housed at the Coliacan Science Center in Mexico, is the fifth largest single meteorite ever discovered on Earth. Although this meteorite weighs much less than its higher rivals, it looks bigger than them due to its length of 4.2 meters.
Bakubirito was discovered by geologist Gilbert Alice Bailey in 1863 and is now one of Mexico’s most popular tourist attractions.
Agpalilic with a weight of 20 tons
York Meteorite meteorite; Agpalilic (Agpalilik)
Agpalilic, weighing more than 20 tons, is the second giant meteorite discovered at Cape York in northwestern Greenland. The meteorite was discovered in 1963 and is now housed in the Geological Museum of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Mubozi, a gift from the Lord
Meteorite meteorite (MBOZI)
This 16-ton stone-iron meteorite was discovered in 1930 in the village of Marangi Nodolrezi in Tanzania’s Mebuzi neighborhood. The native tribe of Nia recognizes this meteorite as a gift from the Lord.
Meteorite vilamet (Willamette)
In 1902, an American miner named Alice Hughes discovered the 14,140-tonne meteorite in Oregon, which appeared to be at least a million years old.
According to scientists, it is possible that this meteorite is a piece of the iron core of the planet or moon, which was separated from it by another celestial body and reached the Earth. The Clackams Chinook Indians, who lived in pre-colonial Europe in the Williams Valley, have great respect for the boulder, which is now housed in the New York Museum of Natural History.
The meteor of Chopadros
Chopaderus I meteorite (Chupaderos I)
The meteorite, weighing 14,114 tons, was discovered in 1852 in Chopadros, Mexico. Chopadros is a type of metal meteorite, about 9.9% of which is composed of nickel and the rest of iron. The celestial body is 265 cm long, 220 cm wide and 90 cm thick and is currently housed in the Mexico City Palace of Fine Arts.
Mondrabilla in Australia
Mondrabilla I meteorite (Mundrabilla I)
In 1911, Harry Kent, the camel leader of the Australian National Railroad Tracking Project, discovered the first piece of the 22-tonne piece of iron meteorite in Western Australia, and subsequent pieces were discovered in later years. The largest piece of Mondrabilla, known as Mondrabila I, is 12.6 tons.