In popular culture, we usually see cavemen dressed in fur, but there is little archaeological evidence of what our Stone Age ancestors actually wore.
But recently, researchers have been able to find one of the first evidences of human use of clothing in a cave in Morocco. (Of course, no prehistoric clothing has been found in this cave, but only evidence and tools have been found to suggest that humans used it to produce clothing.)
Fur, leather and other organic materials generally do not survive over time – even more than a hundred thousand years ago. But researchers in a cave in Morocco have discovered sixty-two bone tools that humans used to make clothes. These structures date from ninety thousand to one hundred and twenty thousand years ago.
In this study, the results of which are published in the journal i Science It’s been published, Examines the tools found in the Contrebandiers Cave in Morocco. These bony tools date back to the Middle Stone Age and were used for a variety of purposes, including plucking animal skins and using fur and leather.
Emily Holt, co-author of the study at the Max Planck Institute for Human History, said she first began studying animal bones in 2012 and sought to reconstruct the early human diet to see if tools could change as technology changed. Sangi, whether there is a change in diet or not.
“Waiting to find this,” says Holt [ابزارهای استخوانی] I did not have. “I first studied this collection so that I could reconstruct the human diet by examining animal bones.”
He adds that when he examines these animal bones – about 12,000 bones – he realizes that some of them are different in shape and not in their natural shape. It was shiny on them and there were grooves or scratches on them.
Unlike bones that were discarded from animals after feeding, bones that humans constantly used were polished. Even today, some leather craftsmen and companies use tools made of bone that are almost identical to what has been found.
The bones found in foxes, jackals and wild cats show signs of cuts that indicate that they have been skinned to use the fur of these creatures. But the marks on the bones of animals such as wild cows indicate that these animals were used for their meat.
هالت Says “I’m most concerned about the symptoms [موجود بر روی استخوانهای] “I am excited about carnivores, as I have never seen such a pattern before, and I hope that archaeologists working on older sites will also start looking for these patterns.”
Although it is possible that humans used these bone tools for other uses, Holt says, there is evidence that early humans used them to make clothes.
But recognizing when humans began to use clothing is a challenge. Genetic studies performed on clothing lice It is said that clothing and apparel appeared in Africa about one hundred and seventy thousand years ago.
Early humans such as Neanderthals, who lived in cold climates, may have used clothing to protect themselves from the cold, but there is little evidence for this.
Holt says that the climate of the area was as mild as it was today, some 20,000 years ago, increasing the likelihood that the clothing used in that period could have a decorative or symbolic use in addition to a protective use.
“Clothing is a special innovation of human beings,” says Eleanor Eskri, an evolutionary archaeologist at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Human History and one of the study’s other authors.
“We use clothes to keep or protect our skin. “We also use clothes symbolically to express who we are.”
The artifacts found in the cave date back to a time when evidence of personal ornaments and other symbolic manifestations appeared in various archaeological sites.
So far, some of the oldest evidence that Homo sapiens wore clothing is bone needles that date back to about forty-five to forty thousand years ago and have been found in Siberia.
Dr. Matt Popp, a Neanderthal expert at UCL Archaeological Institute, says the origins of clothing go back almost certainly to 120,000 years ago.
Of course, he adds, the new study shows that Homo sapiens in the Cantabrandier caves, like Neanderthals, built these specialized tools in areas of France to turn animal skins into soft, supple skins – something they could use as shelter. Use for example.
“The early history of these tools from the Contrabandir Cave helps us better understand the origins of this technology and its dispersion among different population groups of early humans,” he says.