There are a number of automakers that are preparing to replace the first generation of electric product batteries with the second generation. But some of these cars will be destroyed before reaching the battery replacement station. Volkswagen has set up a battery recycling plant for this purpose. Where depleted batteries are hoped to be recovered and used to make new batteries.
Volvo, Nissan and Renault are other automakers that are reusing their second-hand batteries in every possible way. These batteries usually last between 8 and 10 years, but once they reach a certain point, they are no longer usable for the car. Of course, they can still be used in other sectors as an energy source. Now this energy source can also be used at home!
But Volkswagen is targeting batteries that can no longer be reused. In fact, it is the first electric car battery recycling plant to open in Salzgitter, Germany. This plant is specifically designed to recycle batteries that are not powerful enough to be used in the second life cycle.
The machines and workers of this factory completely discharge the used batteries. Special parts of the battery also come in the form of crushed granules. Volkswagen hopes that this process will provide the raw materials needed to produce new batteries. Metals such as copper, aluminum, lithium, manganese, cobalt and graphite.
“According to our research, materials made from recycled batteries are as usable as new materials. We want the materials needed to make our battery cells,” said Mark Mueller, deputy director of the Technical Development and Electrical Transportation Unit. Given the growing demand for lithium-ion batteries and their raw materials, we can make good use of every gram of recycled material.
Volkswagen predicts that by the end of this decade, few batteries will be reusable. So the Salzgitter plant starts by recycling only 3,600 batteries a year, gradually increasing its capacity.