Once upon a time, the moon was the base of daring astronauts seeking to explore beyond Earth; But over time, that is likely to change for the better. Even NASA targeted its new targets with new positions such as Mars or asteroids.
However, some see the importance of human return to the moon as such that, in addition to easy access, it can serve as a launching pad for more complex space purposes. In this article, we discuss the importance of the moon in future space exploration.
The moon is still exciting
Proponents of returning to the moon say that just because about 40 years ago only a few people stepped on a small part of the moon does not mean that humans conquered the moon. In general, the moon has a special place among the people. We see it every night in the sky, which symbolizes the future of space exploration and the greatest achievement that humanity has ever achieved.
The moon is as exciting to us now as it was to Alaska two hundred years ago. This planet is a place where there are huge resources for human exploration in the lands beyond the earth. But if you measure the value of your goals in the eyes of the people, know that you will not do anything special.
There are still many unanswered questions about our nearest space neighbor. Since the first humans landed on the moon, satellites have found evidence of water on the moon, which can be verified in future discoveries.
Astronauts on the Apollo mission explored just six areas near the moon’s equator. NASA’s latest missions, such as the Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and LCROSS, have provided us with useful information about the moon’s poles, which we can use to find new places to explore the planet.
How the moon formed is a question that remains unanswered. Some scientists believe that during the formation of the solar system, an asteroid the size of Mars hits the earth, taking part of the earth with it into space and forming the moon. This hypothesis has many supporters, however, some other scientists reject this hypothesis. In any case, the details of this hypothesis must be examined very carefully.
The inactive surface of the moon and the absence of active volcanoes on it, leave all evidence of celestial collisions on it forever. These collisions have the history of the formation of the solar system within them, something we will never find on Earth due to the many changes on Earth. Due to the high activity of the Earth’s plates, the signs of these collisions disappear completely, but by studying the lunar bombardments, we can also study some of these collisions on Earth.
A mission for humanity
To answer some of these questions, we need humans to return to the moon. Astronauts are much more capable than robots and are able to do explorations that robots cannot do. In addition, the flight system used in human missions has more complex features that cannot be used in robotic missions.
For example, the hundreds of kilograms of lunar soil brought to Earth on Apollo missions are far more than the capacity of a simple rover. Astronauts do more complex geological exploration and scientific research than robots.
Also, the path to the moon is much easier than on Mars. To reach the moon, we do not have to wait for months for the right flight conditions to be created, you just need to be on the road for three days to be able to walk on the moon.
The first footprint
For many, the main question is, where do we go “first”? The only logical answer to this question is the moon. The moon is the best launching pad for reaching Mars, and in fact, the chances of humans landing on Mars depend on returning to the moon. The moon can serve as a laboratory for future flights to Mars and even to other parts of the solar system.
NASA can prepare for Martian missions by building space bases on the moon and using various technologies, and experience more comfortable and stable conditions. Some scientists worry that if we go straight to Mars, things will be like Apollo missions again.
First, we try to reach our destination with a lot of human and financial losses, and when we are sure of our footprint, we put a flag on Mars and say, “Finally we did it!” And we will probably be happy about it for another 50 years, and we will come across people who say, ‘We do not need to do this again.’ This method in no way allows space flight to be in the human table.
With the advancement of technology needed to return to the moon, we can learn about the challenges of longer space travel and weigh all aspects before traveling to Mars. Without a return to the moon, we will not have the technical and physiological experience of flying or landing on Mars for decades to come.
On lunar return missions, astronauts can build mines on the surface of the moon that are used not only on the moon but also on Earth. Helium-3 isotope, one of the rarest isotopes of helium on Earth, is normally found on the surface of the moon.
Some hope that it could be used in nuclear and rocket fuel reactions in the future. The surface of the moon is full of metals such as silicon, aluminum and titanium that are hard to find on Earth. With these raw materials you can make a solar panel on the moon!
Recent findings show that there is a large amount of water in the poles of the moon that can be used as drinking water. By decomposing water and extracting hydrogen and oxygen, breathable air can be obtained and can even be turned into rocket fuel.
In addition to being a laboratory for space travel, the moon can be part of the journey. Spacecraft can go to the moon to refuel and can even be used as a launch pad.
Finally, the moon may be the best chance for humans to establish an interplanetary station. Some believe that we must transcend economic boundaries beyond the earth. For humanity, the moon is like a platform in the solar system from which it can extract water, energy and other resources.